SOGI Resources and Information

What is sogi?

Sexual orientation and gender identity can be complex and each person has their own SOGI. Organizations like Trans Student Educational Resources, encourage understanding of how an individual can identify on the SOGI spectrums. The Gender Unicorn illustrates the distinction between gender identity, gender expression, sex, and attraction.


Gender Identity: A person’s internal sense of being a man/male, woman/female, both, neither, or another gender.

Gender Expression/Presentation: The way a person acts, dresses, speaks, and behaves (i.e. feminine, masculine, androgynous). Gender expression does not necessarily correspond to assigned sex and birth or gender identity.

Sex Assigned at Birth: The assignment and classification of people as male, female, intersex, or another sex based on a combination physical and biological attributes. of anatomy, hormones, chromosomes.

Sexual Orientation: How a person characterizes their emotional and sexual attraction to others.

  • Physically Attracted To: The attraction based on an individual’s physical traits or characteristics.

  • Emotionally Attracted To: An attraction based on emotional/romantic connection.*


APPRECOTS uses “LGBTQ+” as an inclusive acronym representing the diverse range of sexual orientations and gender identities. The descriptors these initials represent are always evolving, but some of the most common terms are listed here.

Lesbian: a sexual orientation that describes a woman who is emotionally and sexually attracted to other women.

Gay: a sexual orientation that describes a woman who is emotionally and sexually attracted to people of their own gender. It can be used regardless of gender identity, but is more commonly used to describe men.

Bisexual: sexual orientation that describes a person who is emotionally and sexually attracted to people of their own gender and people of other genders.

Transgender: describes a person whose gender identity and assigned sex at birth do not correspond. Also used as an umbrella term to include gender identities outside of male and female. Sometimes abbreviated as trans.

Queer: An umbrella term used by some to describe people who think of their sexual orientation or gender identity as outside of societal norms.

Questioning: Describes an individual who is unsure about or is exploring their own sexual orientation and/or gender identity.

Plus sign: Represents additional sexual orientations and gender identities within the LGBT community.

*Definitions on this page were taken from: The National LGBT Education Health Center - a program of The Fenway Institute, provides a glossary of LGBT terms for health care teams. This glossary, along with other materials, assists health care organizations in providing quality care to LGBT patients. It is important to note: 1) Terms and definitions can change, thus expanding the glossary; 2) Not all LGBT individuals within the community agree will agree with these terms and definitions; 3) The glossary may be missing some terms and definitions.

The glossary, and other relevant materials, are accessible below. Thank you to The Fenway Institute for allowing use of these materials.


Support for LGBTQ Youth Starts At Home: An #AsYouAre Project

The Institute for Innovation and Implementation at the University of Maryland, Baltimore School of Social Work (The Institute) has partnered with the Biden Foundation to create an animated short focused on family acceptance of youth with diverse sexual orientation, gender identity, and expression (SOGIE).